small black mustard seeds (rai)

Hindi terms:: rai
Other terms:: -
small black mustard seeds (rai)
mustard seed (Wikipedia)

Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants. The seeds are usually about 1 to 2 millimetres (0.039 to 0.079 in) in diameter and may be colored from yellowish white to black. They are an important spice in many regional foods and may come from one of three different plants: black mustard (Brassica nigra), brown Indian mustard (B. juncea), or white/yellow mustard (B. hirta/Sinapis alba).

Mustard seed, yellow
Mustard.png
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy2,126 kJ (508 kcal)
28.09 g
Sugars6.79 g
Dietary fiber12.2 g
36.24 g
Saturated1.989 g
Monounsaturated22.518 g
Polyunsaturated10.088 g
26.08 g
VitaminsQuantity
%DV
Vitamin A equiv.
0%
2 μg
Thiamine (B1)
70%
0.805 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
22%
0.261 mg
Niacin (B3)
32%
4.733 mg
Vitamin B6
31%
0.397 mg
Folate (B9)
41%
162 μg
Vitamin B12
0%
0 μg
Vitamin C
9%
7.1 mg
Vitamin E
34%
5.07 mg
Vitamin K
5%
5.4 μg
MineralsQuantity
%DV
Calcium
27%
266 mg
Iron
71%
9.21 mg
Magnesium
104%
370 mg
Phosphorus
120%
841 mg
Potassium
18%
828 mg
Sodium
1%
13 mg
Zinc
64%
6.08 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water5.27 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard.